Wimbledon (London) – Wikipedia. Die Wimbledon Championships in London sind das dritte Tennis-Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Die SZ ist dabei - mit Liveticker, Spielberichten, Analysen. Wimbledon ist das älteste Tennisturnier der Welt. Es wurde im All England Croquet and Lawn Tennis Club (heute oft AELTC genannt) erstmalig ausgetragen.
Wimbledon: Rasenturnier in LondonDie Wimbledon Championships in London sind das dritte Tennis-Grand-Slam-Turnier des Jahres. Die SZ ist dabei - mit Liveticker, Spielberichten, Analysen. Wimbledon Tickets Debenture Seaats für den Center Court & Court No.1 hier online buchen beim Sportreiseveranstalter für Tennis Events. Wimbledon Championships. Es ist das wichtigste Tennis-Turnier der Welt - und das traditionsreichste. Erdbeeren mit Sahne, weiße Kleidung der Spieler - das gibt.
Wimledon Putting Our Dated Product to Good Use VideoBest Nick Kyrgios Wimbledon trick shots Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. Gambler Fallacy the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Views Read Edit View history. Grand Slam Tournament June—July. The location of Selfmade Netflix station shifted the focus of the town's subsequent growth away from the original village centre.
Aryna Sabalenka . Sara Sorribes Tormo. Ysaline Bonaventure Q. Rebecca Peterson. Caroline Garcia . Astra Sharma. Camila Giorgi.
Naomi Osaka . Champion , defeated Roger Federer . Roger Federer. Runner-up , lost to Novak Djokovic . Rafael Nadal. Semifinals lost to Roger Federer .
Kevin Anderson. Third round lost to Guido Pella . Dominic Thiem. First round lost to Sam Querrey. Alexander Zverev.
Stefanos Tsitsipas. First round lost to Thomas Fabbiano. Kei Nishikori. Quarterfinals lost to Roger Federer . John Isner.
Second round lost to Mikhail Kukushkin. Karen Khachanov. Third round lost to Roberto Bautista Agut . Daniil Medvedev. Third round lost to David Goffin .
Fabio Fognini. Third round lost to Tennys Sandgren. Milos Raonic. Fourth round lost to Guido Pella . First round, retired against Ugo Humbert.
Matteo Berrettini. Fourth round lost to Roger Federer . Nikoloz Basilashvili. Second round lost to Dan Evans. Third round lost to Ugo Humbert.
Gilles Simon. Second round lost to Tennys Sandgren. David Goffin. Quarterfinals lost to Novak Djokovic . Stan Wawrinka. Second round lost to Reilly Opelka.
Roberto Bautista Agut. Semifinals lost to Novak Djokovic . Diego Schwartzman. Third round lost to Matteo Berrettini . Alex de Minaur.
Second round lost to Steve Johnson. Guido Pella. Quarterfinals lost to Roberto Bautista Agut .
Lucas Pouille. Third round lost to Roger Federer . Fourth round lost to Roberto Bautista Agut .
Denis Shapovalov. Kyle Edmund. Second round lost to Fernando Verdasco. Second round lost to John Millman. First round lost to Hubert Hurkacz.
Jan-Lennard Struff. Third round lost to Mikhail Kukushkin. Ashleigh Barty. Fourth round lost to Alison Riske. Naomi Osaka.
First round lost to Yulia Putintseva. Kiki Bertens. Angelique Kerber. Second round lost to Lauren Davis [LL].
Fourth round lost to Johanna Konta . Champion , defeated Serena Williams . Elina Svitolina. Semifinals lost to Simona Halep .
Sloane Stephens. Third round lost to Johanna Konta . Aryna Sabalenka. Serena Williams. Runner-up , lost to Simona Halep . Anastasija Sevastova.
Second round lost to Danielle Collins. Belinda Bencic. Third round lost to Alison Riske. Caroline Wozniacki.
Third round lost to Zhang Shuai. Wang Qiang. Third round lost to Elise Mertens . First round lost to Madison Brengle. Madison Keys.
Second round lost to Polona Hercog. Julia Görges. Third round lost to Serena Williams . Johanna Konta. Anett Kontaveit. Elise Mertens. First round lost to Alison Riske.
Caroline Garcia. First round lost to Zhang Shuai. Fourth round lost to Elina Svitolina . Amanda Anisimova. Second round lost to Magda Linette.
First round lost to Beatriz Haddad Maia [Q]. Sofia Kenin. Second round lost to Dayana Yastremska. Hsieh Su-wei. Daria Kasatkina.
Fourth round lost to Serena Williams . Maria Sakkari. Third round lost to Elina Svitolina . Lesia Tsurenko. Bianca Andreescu. Marcelo Melo. Robert Farah.
Raven Klaasen. Michael Venus. Bruno Soares. Jean-Julien Rojer. Bob Bryan. Mike Bryan. Henri Kontinen. John Peers. Horacio Zeballos.
Jamie Murray. Neal Skupski. Nicolas Mahut. Rajeev Ram. Joe Salisbury. Kevin Krawietz. Andreas Mies.
Oliver Marach. Jürgen Melzer. Dominic Inglot. Austin Krajicek. Frederik Nielsen. Gabriela Dabrowski. Every single blade of grass on a Wimbledon court is exactly 8mm of horticultural perfection.
Although play was suspended this year, we continue to honour our values, be proud of what we have built and strive to always be better moving forwards.
You can celebrate with us by owning a small piece of history from our Championships Collection. Special Offers. Fan Favourites LOGO RANGE Discover our selection of apparel and accessories featuring the iconic green and purple Championships logo with a vast array of base colours to suit both the most conservative and elaborate of dress senses.
Essentials SOCKS Whether it's high-performance sport or durable everyday use you require, we have a style to suit your needs. Stage two — involved the removal of the old No.
Stage three — has been completed with the construction of an entrance building, club staff housing, museum, bank and ticket office.
A new retractable roof was built in time for the championships, marking the first time that rain did not stop play for a lengthy time on Centre Court.
The first match to be played in its entirety under the new roof took place between Andy Murray and Stanislas Wawrinka on 29 June The Men's Singles Final on 8 July , between Roger Federer and Murray, was the first singles final to be partially played under the roof, which was activated during the third set.
A new seat No. Since that time, the club's activities have been formally conducted separately from those of The Championships.
In , the All England Club hosted the Summer Olympic Games and became the first Olympic grass court tournament since tennis was reintroduced as an Olympic sport and the first to be held at a Grand Slam venue in the Open era.
In April , Wimbledon unveiled its 'Master Plan' a vision in which to improve the championships over the next 10—15 years. This was in large part due to other Grand Slam tournaments such as the French Open and Australian Open also announcing expansion and re-development plans.
New member and player facilities are currently being constructed by Willmott Dixon for completion in On 19 October , it was announced that a tie-break will be played if the score reaches 12—12 in the final set of any match; this will apply to all competitions including in qualifying, singles, and doubles.
As a result of the COVID global pandemic , the All England Club announced on 1 April that the entire grass-court season was to be cancelled as a public safety precaution, marking the first time a Wimbledon tournament would not be played since World War II and for the first time in the Open Era every major tennis event cancelled.
However, the sheer number of people who still would have needed to be on site led the board to realise "that wasn't going to be a workable option".
Wimbledon consists of five main events, four junior events and seven invitation events. Matches in the Gentlemen's Singles and Gentlemen's Doubles are best-of-five sets; all other events are best-of-three sets.
Up to and including the tournament, a tiebreak game is played if the score reaches 6—all in any set except the fifth in a five-set match or the third in a three-set match , in which case a two-game lead must be reached.
Since , a final set tiebreak game is played if the score in the final set reaches 12—all. All events are single-elimination tournaments , [g] except for the Gentlemen's, Senior Gentlemen's and the Ladies' Invitation Doubles, which are round-robin tournaments.
Up to , the winners of the previous year's competition except in the Ladies' Doubles and Mixed Doubles were automatically granted byes into the final round then known as the challenge round.
This led to many winners retaining their titles in successive years, as they were able to rest while their opponent competed from the start of the competition.
Since , the prior year's champions were required to play all the rounds, like other tournament competitors.
Each year the tournament begins on the last Monday in June or first Monday in July, two weeks after the Queen's Club Championships , which is one of the men's major warm-up tournaments, together with the Gerry Weber Open , which is held in Halle, Germany , during the same week.
Other grass-court tournaments before Wimbledon are Eastbourne , Great Britain, and Rosmalen in the Netherlands, both combining mixed events.
The other women's warm-up tournament for Wimbledon is Birmingham , also in Great Britain. The men's event which is outside Europe before Wimbledon is the Antalya open in Turkey.
Wimbledon is scheduled for 14 days, beginning on a Monday and ending on a Sunday. Before it ended a day earlier, with the women's singles final on the Friday and the men's singles final on the Saturday.
Traditionally, unlike the other three tennis Grand Slams, there is no play on the "Middle Sunday", which is considered a rest day.
However, rain has forced play on the Middle Sunday four times, in , , and On the first of these four occasions, Wimbledon staged a "People's Sunday", with unreserved seating and readily available, inexpensive tickets, allowing those with more limited means to sit on the show courts.
The second Monday at Wimbledon is often called "Manic Monday", because it is the busiest day with the last matches for both men's and women's singles, where fans have a pick of watching on a single day, any of the best 32 players left; which is also unique in a Grand Slam singles competition.
Since , the championships have begun one week later than in previous years, extending the gap between the tournament and the French Open from two to three weeks.
Both the men's and ladies' singles consist of players. Both tournaments have 8 wild card entrants, with the remainder in each made up of qualifiers.
Since the tournament, 32 players have been given seedings in the Gentlemen's and Ladies' singles, 16 teams in the doubles events.
The system of seeding was introduced during the Wimbledon Championships. This was a simplified version allowing countries to nominate four players who were placed in different quarters of the draw.
This system was replaced for the Wimbledon Championships and from then on players were seeded on merit. The first players to be seeded as no.
The Committee of Management decide which players receive wildcards. Usually, wild cards are players who have performed well during previous tournaments or would stimulate public interest in Wimbledon by participating.
Players and pairs who neither have high enough rankings nor receive wild cards may participate in a qualifying tournament held one week before Wimbledon at the Bank of England Sports Ground in Roehampton.
The singles qualifying competitions are three-round events. From singles qualification will increase to players and no doubles qualification will occur.
There is no qualifying tournament for Mixed Doubles. Players are admitted to the junior tournaments upon the recommendations of their national tennis associations, on their International Tennis Federation world rankings and, in the case of the singles events, on the basis of a qualifying competition.
The Committee of Management determines which players may enter the four invitational events. The Committee seeds the top players and pairs on the basis of their rankings, but it can change the seedings based on a player's previous grass court performance.
Since a seeding committee has not been required for the Gentlemen's Singles following an agreement with the ATP. In , the title was won by Richard Krajicek , who was originally unseeded ranked 17th, and only 16 players were seeded but was promoted to a seeded position still with the number 17 when Thomas Muster withdrew before the tournament.
No unseeded player has captured the Ladies' Singles title; the lowest seeded female champion was Venus Williams , who won in as the 23rd seed; Williams was returning from an injury that had prevented her playing in previous tournaments, giving her a lower ranking than she would normally have had.
Unseeded pairs have won the doubles titles on numerous occasions; the Gentlemen's Doubles champions were not only unseeded, but also for the first time ever qualifiers.
The change was made to improve durability and strengthen the sward to better withstand the increasing wear of the modern game.
The main show courts, Centre Court and No. The remaining 17 courts are regularly used for other events hosted by the club.
The show courts were in action for the second time in three months in as Wimbledon hosted the tennis events of the Olympic Games.
One of the show courts is also used for home ties of the GB teams in the Davis Cup on occasions. Wimbledon is the only Grand Slam event played on grass courts.
At one time, all the Majors, except the French Open, were played on grass. The US Open abandoned grass in for green clay and the Australian Open did so in for hard courts ; the US Open eventually would adopt hard courts as well.
From to , Club's grounds were situated on four acres of meadowland between Worple Road and the railway line. In , the venue hosted the tennis events for the Summer Olympic Games.
After moving to a new place, the old ground then became the Girls' High School playing field. This new venue was larger and was needed to meet the ever-growing public demand.
Due to the possibility of rain during Wimbledon, a retractable roof was installed prior to the Championship. The first full match played and completed under the roof featured Andy Murray and Stan Wawrinka , played on the same date.
The court has a capacity of 15, At its south end is the Royal Box, from which members of the Royal Family and other dignitaries watch matches.
Centre Court usually hosts the finals and semifinals of the main events, as well as many matches in the earlier rounds involving top-seeded players or local favourites.
The second most important court is No. The court was constructed in to replace the old No. The old No. The court was said to have had a unique, more intimate atmosphere and was a favourite of many players.
Construction of a new retractable roof on the No. The capacity of the stadium also rose by to 12, Since , a new No.
To obtain planning permission , the playing surface is around 3. In a new No. Because of the summer climate in southern England, Wimbledon employs 'Court Attendants' each year, who work to maintain court conditions.
Their principal responsibility is to ensure that the courts are quickly covered when it begins to rain, so that play can resume as quickly as possible once the referees decide to uncover the courts.
The court attendants are mainly university students working to make summer money. Centre Court is covered by full-time groundstaff, however.
At the northern end of the grounds is a giant television screen on which important matches are broadcast.
Fans watch from an area of grass officially known as the Aorangi Terrace. When British players do well at Wimbledon, the hill attracts fans for them, and is often renamed after them by the press: Greg Rusedski 's followers convened at "Rusedski Ridge", and Tim Henman has had the hill nicknamed Henman Hill.
As both of them have now retired and Andy Murray is the number 1 British player, the hill is occasionally referred to as "Murray Mound" or " Murrayfield ", as a reference to his Scottish heritage and the Scottish rugby ground of the same name, but this has largely failed to catch on — the area is still usually referred to as Henman Hill.
None of these nicknames are official. The qualifying matches, prior to the main draw, take place at the Bank of England Sports Ground , in Roehampton , 3.
Social commentator Ellis Cashmore describes Wimbledon as having "a David Niven -ish propriety", in trying to conform to the standards of behaviour regarded as common in the s.
Writer Peter York sees the event as representing a particular white, upper middle class, affluent type of Britishness, describing the area of Wimbledon as "a southern, well off, late-Victorian suburb with a particular social character".
Cashmore has criticised the event for being "remote and insulated" from the changing multicultural character of modern Britain, describing it as "nobody's idea of all-things-British".
In the championship games, ball boys and girls, known as BBGs, play a crucial role in the smooth running of the tournament, with a brief that a good BBG "should not be seen.
They should blend into the background and get on with their jobs quietly. From ball boys were recruited from Goldings,  the only Barnardos school to provide them.
Prior to this, from the s onwards, the ball boys came from The Shaftesbury Children's Home. Since , BBGs have been drawn from local schools.
This was possibly owing to their proximity to the club. Since they have been drawn from schools in the London boroughs of Merton , Sutton , Kingston , and Wandsworth , as well as from Surrey.
Starting in , BBGs work in teams of six, two at the net, four at the corners, and teams rotate one hour on court, one hour off, two hours depending on the court for the day's play.
With the expansion of the number of courts, and lengthening the tennis day, as of , the number of BBGs required is around Starting on the second Wednesday, the number of BBGs is reduced due to the decrease in the number of matches per day, leaving around 80 on the final Sunday.
Each BBG receives a certificate, a can of used balls, a group photograph and a programme when leaving. Every BBG keeps all of their kit, typically consisting of three or four shirts, two or three shorts or skorts , track suit bottoms and top, twelve pairs of socks, three pairs of wristbands, a hat, water bottle holder, bag and trainers.
Along with this it is seen as a privilege, and a valuable addition to a school leaver's curriculum vitae , showing discipline.
BBG places are split between boys and girls, with girls having been included since , appearing on centre court since Prospective BBGs are first nominated by their school headteacher , to be considered for selection.
To be selected, a candidate must pass written tests on the rules of tennis, and pass fitness, mobility and other suitability tests, against initial preliminary instruction material.
Successful candidates then commence a training phase, starting in February, in which the final BBGs are chosen through continual assessment.
As of , this training intake was The training includes weekly sessions of physical, procedural and theoretical instruction, to ensure that the BBGs are fast, alert, self-confident and adaptable to situations.
As of , early training occurs at the Wimbledon All England Lawn Tennis Club Covered Courts, to the side of the Grounds, and then moves to outside courts 8, 9, 10 the week before the Championships to ensure that BBGs gain a feel of the grass court.
Dark green and purple are the traditional Wimbledon colours. However, all tennis players participating in the tournament are required to wear all-white or at least almost all-white clothing, a long-time tradition at Wimbledon.
Controversy followed Martina Navratilova 's wearing branding for "Kim" cigarettes in Green clothing was worn by the chair umpire, linesmen, ball boys and ball girls until the Championships; however, beginning with the Championships, officials, ball boys and ball girls were dressed in new navy blue- and cream-coloured uniforms from American designer Ralph Lauren.
This marked the first time in the history of the Championships that an outside company was used to design Wimbledon clothing.
By tradition, the "Men's" and "Women's" competitions are referred to as "Gentlemen's" and "Ladies'" competitions at Wimbledon. The junior competitions are referred to as the "Boys'" and "Girls'" competitions.
Prior to , female players were referred to by the title "Miss" or "Mrs. As dictated by strict rule of etiquette, married female players are referred to by their husbands' names: for example, Chris Evert appeared on scoreboards as "Mrs.
Lloyd" during her marriage to John Lloyd , since "Mrs. X" essentially designates the wife of X. This tradition has continued, at least to some extent.
The title "Mr. The chair umpire will say "Mr. If a match is being played with two competitors of the same surname e.
Venus and Serena Williams, Bob and Mike Bryan , the chair umpire will specify to whom they are referring by stating the player's first name and surname during announcements e.
Previously, players bowed or curtsied to members of the royal family seated in the Royal Box upon entering or leaving Centre Court. Now, players are required to bow or curtsy only if the Prince of Wales or the Queen is present,  as was in practice during the Championships when the Queen was in attendance at Wimbledon on 24 June.
Prior to the Second World War, members of the Brigade of Guards and retired members of the Royal Artillery performed the role of stewards.
In the AELTC offered employment to wartime servicemen returning to civilian life during their demobilisation leave. In London Fire Brigade members joined the ranks of stewards.
The AELTC pays a subsistence allowance to servicemen and women working as stewards to defray their accommodation costs for the period of the Championships.
The Service Stewards are not to be confused with the Honorary Stewards. The majority of centre and show court tickets sold to the general public have since been made available by a public ballot that the All England Lawn Tennis and Croquet Club holds at the start of the year.
Successful applicants are selected at random by a computer. Seats and days are allocated randomly and ballot tickets are not transferable. The All England Club, through its subsidiary The All England Lawn Tennis Ground plc, issues debentures to tennis fans every five years to raise funds for capital expenditure.
Fans who invest thus in the club receive a pair of tickets for every day of the Wimbledon Championships for the five years the investment lasts.
Wimbledon and the French Open are the only Grand Slam tournaments where fans without tickets for play can queue up and still get seats on the three show courts on the day of the match.
From , there is a single queue, allotted about seats for each court. When they join the queue, fans are handed queue cards.
To get access to the show courts, fans normally have to queue overnight. The All-England Club allows overnight queuing and provides toilet and water facilities for campers.
Early in the morning when the line moves towards the Grounds, stewards walk along the line and hand out wristbands that are colour-coded to the specific court.